Chihuly Garden and Glass 奇胡力花园和玻璃艺术

Born in 1941 in Tacoma, Washington, Dale Chihuly was introduced to glass while studying interior design at the University of Washington. After graduating in 1965, Chihuly enrolled in the first glass program in the country, at the University of Wisconsin. He continued his studies at the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), where he later established the glass program and taught for more than a decade.

Dale Chihuly 于 1941 年出生于华盛顿州塔科马,在华盛顿大学学习室内设计时开始接触玻璃。 1965 年毕业后,奇胡利在威斯康星大学注册了该国第一个玻璃课程。之后他继续在罗德岛设计学院 (RISD) 学习,后来在那里建立了玻璃课程并任教十多年。

In 1968, after receiving a Fulbright Fellowship, he went to work at the Venini glass factory in Venice. There he observed the team approach to blowing glass, which is critical to the way he works today. In 1971, Chihuly cofounded Pilchuck Glass School in Washington State. With this international glass center, Chihuly has led the avant-garde in the development of glass as a fine art.

1968年,在获得富布赖特奖学金后,他前往威尼斯的维尼尼玻璃厂工作。在那里,他观察了团队吹玻璃的方法,这对他今天的工作方式至关重要。 1971 年,奇胡利在华盛顿州共同创办了皮尔查克玻璃学校。凭借这个国际玻璃中心,奇胡利引领了玻璃艺术发展的前卫。

His work is included in more than 200 museum collections worldwide. He has been the recipient of many awards, including twelve honorary doctorates and two fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts.

他的作品被全球 200 多个博物馆收藏。他获得了许多奖项,包括十二个荣誉博士学位和两个国家艺术基金会的奖学金。

Chihuly has created more than a dozen well-known series of works, among them, Cylindersand Baskets in the 1970s; SeaformsMacchiaVenetians, and Persians in the 1980s; Niijima Floats and Chandeliers in the 1990s; and Fiori in the 2000s. He is also celebrated for large architectural installations. In 1986, he was honored with a solo exhibition, Dale Chihuly objets de verre, at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Palais du Louvre, in Paris. In 1995, he began Chihuly Over Venice, for which he created sculptures at glass factories in Finland, Ireland, and Mexico, then installed them over the canals and piazzas of Venice.

奇胡利创作了十几个著名的系列作品,其中包括1970年代的圆柱和篮子; 1980 年代的 Seaforms、Macchia、Venetians 和 Persians; 1990 年代的新岛花车和吊灯;和 2000 年代的 Fiori。他还因大型建筑装置而闻名。 1986 年,他在巴黎卢浮宫的装饰艺术博物馆举办了个展: Dale Chihuly objets de verre。 1995 年,他创办了 Chihuly Over Venice,为此他在芬兰、爱尔兰和墨西哥的玻璃工厂创作了雕塑,然后将它们安装在威尼斯的运河和广场上。

In 1999, Chihuly started an ambitious exhibition, Chihuly in the Light of Jerusalem; more than 1 million visitors attended the Tower of David Museum to view his installations. In 2001, the Victoria and Albert Museum in London curated the exhibition Chihuly at the V&A. Chihuly’s lifelong fascination for glasshouses has grown into a series of exhibitions within botanical settings. His Garden Cycle began in 2001 at the Garfield Park Conservatory in Chicago. Chihuly exhibited at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, near London, in 2005. Other major exhibition venues include the de Young Museum in San Francisco, in 2008; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in 2011; and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in 2013. Chihuly Garden and Glass, a long-term exhibition, opened at Seattle Center in 2012.

1999年,奇胡利开始了一个雄心勃勃的展览“耶路撒冷之光下的奇胡利”;超过 100 万游客来到大卫塔博物馆观看他的装置作品。 2001 年,伦敦维多利亚和阿尔伯特博物馆在 策划了Chihuly at the V&A 展览。奇胡利对玻璃房的终生迷恋已经发展成为与植物交织的一系列展览。他的 “花园周期” 展览始于 2001 年在芝加哥加菲尔德公园音乐学院。奇胡利于 2005 年在伦敦附近的基尤皇家植物园展出。其他主要展览场地包括 2008 年在旧金山的德扬博物馆;波士顿美术博物馆,2011 年;和 2013 年蒙特利尔美术馆。长期展览 Chihuly Garden and Glass 于 2012 年在西雅图中心开幕。

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