Berlin, Germany/ 德国柏林

Reichstag building/ 德国国会大厦

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Brandenburg Gate/ 勃兰登堡门

It is not only as a symbol of the tumultuous history of Europe and Germany, but also of European unity and peace.

它不仅是欧洲和德国动荡历史的象征,也是欧洲统一与和平的象征。

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Berlin Wall/ 柏林墙

It is a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany), starting on 13 August 1961, the Wall cut off (by land) West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin, until East German officials ordered it opened in November 1989. Its demolition officially began on 13 June 1990 and finished in 1992. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, accompanied by a wide area (later known as the “death strip”) that contained anti-vehicle trenches, “fakir beds” and other defenses. The Eastern Bloc portrayed the Wall as protecting its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the “will of the people” in building a socialist state in East Germany.

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