Monterey Bay Aquarium, California/ 蒙特利水族馆,美国加州

Monterey Bay Aquarium is a nonprofit public aquarium in Monterey, California. Known for its regional focus on the marine habitats of Monterey Bay, it was the first to exhibit a living kelp forest when it opened in October 1984. Its biologists have pioneered the animal husbandry of jellyfish and it was the first to successfully care for and display a great white shark. The organization’s research and conservation efforts also focus on sea otters, various birds, and tunas. Seafood Watch, a sustainable seafood advisory list published by the aquarium beginning in 1999, has influenced the discussion surrounding sustainable seafood.

Early proposals to build a public aquarium in Monterey County were not successful until a group of four marine biologists affiliated with Stanford University revisited the concept in the late-1970s. Monterey Bay Aquarium was built at the site of a defunct sardine cannery and has been recognized for its architectural achievements by the American Institute of Architects. Along with its architecture, the aquarium has won numerous awards for its exhibition of marine life, ocean conservation efforts, and educational programs.

Monterey Bay Aquarium receives around two million visitors each year. It led to the revitalization of Cannery Row, and produces hundreds of millions of dollars for the economy of Monterey County. In addition to being featured in two PBS Nature documentaries, the aquarium has appeared in film and television productions.

蒙特利湾水族馆是位于加利福尼亚蒙特利的非营利性公共水族馆。它以对蒙特利湾海洋栖息地的区域关注而闻名,1984年10月开放,他是首家展示活海带森林的水族馆。其生物学家是水母养殖业的先驱,并且是成功护理和展示大白鲨的第一人。该组织的研究和保护工作还集中在海獭,各种鸟类和金枪鱼上。“海鲜观察”是水族馆于1999年开始发布的可持续海鲜咨询单,影响了周边可持续海鲜的讨论。

直到由斯坦福大学附属的四位海洋生物学家组成的小组 在1970年代后期 重新考虑了这个概念之后,在蒙特雷县建立公共水族馆的早期提议才获得成功。蒙特利湾水族馆建在一个已消失的沙丁鱼罐头厂上,并因其建筑成就而被美国建筑师协会认可。除了其建筑,该水族馆还因其海洋生物,海洋保护工作和教育计划的展览而获得了无数奖项。

蒙特利湾水族馆每年接待约200万游客。它带动了罐头厂街的复兴,为蒙特雷县的经济创造了数亿美元的收入。除了在两部PBS Nature纪录片中出现之外,该水族馆还出现在电影和电视作品中。

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