Bucharest, Romania/ 布加勒斯特,罗马尼亚

Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre. It is located in the southeast of the country, on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 60 km (37.3 mi) north of the Danube River and the Bulgarian border.

布加勒斯特是罗马尼亚的首都和最大城市,以及文化,工业和金融中心。 它位于该国的东南部,在丹博维萨河(Dâmbovița River)河畔,在多瑙河和保加利亚边境以北不到60公里(37.3英里)。

The Palace of the Parliament is the seat of the Parliament of Romania. It is located on Dealul Arsenalului in the national capital city of central Bucharest. The Palace has a height of 84 metres, a floor area of 365,000 square metres and a volume of 2,550,000 cubic metres. The Palace of the Parliament is the heaviest building in the world, weighing about 4,098,500,000 kilograms.

议会宫是罗马尼亚议会的所在地。 它位于国家首都布加勒斯特的Dealul Arsenalului。 宫殿的高度为84米,建筑面积为36.5万平方米,容积为255万立方米。 国会大厦是世界上最重的建筑,重约40.985亿公斤。

A colossal building, designed and supervised by chief architect Anca Petrescu (1949–2013), with a team of approximately 700 architects, and constructed over a period of 13 years (1984–97), it was built as a monument for a totalitarian kitsch style of architecture, in Totalitarian and modernist Neoclassical architectural forms and styles, with socialist realism in mind. The Palace was ordered by Nicolae Ceaușescu (1918–1989), the dictator of Communist Romania and the second of two longtime autocrats in power in the country since World War II, during a period in which the personality cult of political worship and adoration was in full force for him and his family. Known for its ornate interior composed of 23 sections, it houses the two houses of the Parliament of Romania: the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, along with three museums and an international conference center. The several museums hosted inside the Palace are the National Museum of Contemporary Art, the Museum of Communist Totalitarianism (established in 2015) and the Museum of the Palace. Though originally named the House of the Republic when under its long period of construction, after the Romanian Revolution in December 1989 it became widely known as The People’s House. Due to its impressive endowments, events organized by state institutions and international bodies such as conferences, symposia, and others take place there, but even so about 70% of the building almost four decades later still remains empty.

由总建筑师安卡·佩特雷斯库(1949-2013)设计和监督的巨型建筑,大约700名建筑师参与,历时13年(1984-97)建成,是极权主义媚俗的纪念碑。极权主义和现代主义的新古典主义建筑形式的建筑风格,融合社会主义现实主义。宫殿是尼古拉·齐奥塞斯库(Nicolae Ceaușescu,1918-1989年)所命令建造的-罗马尼亚共产党共产党的独裁者,也是自第二次世界大战以来该国两个长期执政的独裁者中的第二个。它以23个华丽的内部构成而闻名,里面设有罗马尼亚国会两院:参议院和众议院,以及三个博物馆和一个国际会议中心。宫殿内的几家博物馆分别是:国家当代艺术博物馆,共产主义极权主义博物馆(于2015年成立)和宫殿博物馆。尽管在长期的建设时期被称为“共和国之家”,但在1989年12月的罗马尼亚革命后,它被广泛称为“人民之家”。其由于令人印象深刻的捐赠,由国家机构和国际机构组织的活动,例如会议,座谈会等都在那儿举行。但即使如此,近四十年后的如今,仍然有70%的内部建筑空着。

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