Peleş Castle & Râşnov Citadel, Romania/ 派勒斯城堡 & 拉斯诺夫堡垒, 罗马尼亚

Peleș Castle is a Neo-Renaissance castle in the Carpathian Mountains, near Sinaia, in Prahova County, Romania, on an existing medieval route linking Transylvania and Wallachia, built between 1873 and 1914. Its inauguration was held in 1883. It was constructed for King Carol I.
By form and function, Peleş is a palace, but it is consistently called a castle. Its architectural style is a romantically inspired blend Neo-Renaissance and Gothic Revival similar to Schloss Neuschwanstein in Bavaria. A Saxon influence can be observed in the interior courtyard facades, which have allegorical hand-painted murals and ornate fachwerk similar to that seen in northern European alpine architecture. Interior decoration is mostly Baroque influenced, with heavy carved woods and exquisite fabrics.

Peleş 城堡是喀尔巴阡山脉中的一座新文艺复兴时期的城堡,位于罗马尼亚普拉霍瓦县的锡纳亚附近,位于连接特兰西瓦尼亚和瓦拉几亚的现有中世纪路线上,建于1873年至1914年。其就职典礼于1883年举行。它是为国王卡罗尔一世建造的。
在形式和功能上,Peleş是一座宫殿,但它一直被称为城堡。 它的建筑是一种浪漫灵感的融合新文艺复兴和哥特式复兴风格,类似于巴伐利亚的Schloss Neuschwanstein。 在内部庭院立面可以观察到撒克逊人的影响,这些立面有寓言性的手绘壁画和华丽的桁架,类似于北欧高山建筑。 室内装饰主要受巴洛克风格的影响,拥有厚重的雕刻木材和精致的面料。

The fortress was built as part of a defence system for the Transylvanian villages exposed to outside invasions. A decisive aspect for building the fortress at its location was the route of the invading armies which were coming from the Bran pass and were passing through Râșnov, on their way to Braşov and other parts of the Burzenland region. The only chance of survival for the inhabitants of the area, including from Cristian and Ghimbav, was the refuge inside the refuge castle at Râşnov. Compelled to stay there for decades, the people of Râșnov and the nearby villages turned the fortification into their long-term place of residence.

该堡垒是特兰西瓦尼亚村庄暴露于外部入侵的防御系统的一部分。 在此建造堡垒的一个决定性因素是因为此地位于入侵军队的路线上,这些军队来自布兰斯山口并经过拉什诺夫,前往布拉索夫和布尔岑兰地区的其他地方。 Râşnov避难城堡内的避难所成为该地区居民唯一的生存机会,包括Cristian和Ghimbav。 被迫在那里待了几十年之后,拉斯诺夫人和附近的村庄将这些防御工事变成了他们的长期居住地。

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