Singapore/ 新加坡

In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the British East India Company. After the company’s collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan. It gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 and becoming a sovereign nation in 1965.

Along with Hong Kong, South Korea, and Taiwan, Singapore is one of the original Four Asian Tigers, but has surpassed its peers in terms of GDP per capita. The Singaporean economy is known as one of the freest, most innovative, most competitive, most dynamic and most business-friendly. According to the Corruption Perceptions Index, Singapore is consistently perceived as one of the least corrupt countries in the world, along with New Zealand and the Scandinavian countries.

1819年,史丹福莱佛士爵士创立了新加坡殖民地,作为英国东印度公司的贸易站。1858年公司瓦解后,新加坡的各岛屿被割让给英国拉杰作为皇冠殖民地。在第二次世界大战中,新加坡被日本占领。直到1963年从大英帝国恢复独立统治,1965年成为独立主权国家。

新加坡同香港,韩国和台湾一起被称作亚洲四小龙,但是其人均GDP 赶超了其他三个国家。新加坡经济是最自由,创新,具竞争性以及动态化和友好的之一。根据世界腐败感知指数,新加坡连续被评为世界上最少腐败的国家之一,和新西兰以及斯堪的纳维亚半岛国家一起。

The Economist has ranked Singapore as the most expensive city to live in, since 2013. It is identified as a tax haven. Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, and one of 11 worldwide. Globally, the Port of Singapore and Changi Airport have held the titles of leading “Maritime Capital” and “Best Airport” respectively for consecutive years, while Singapore Airlines is the 2018 “World’s Best Airline”. Singapore is also referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts since independence.

Singapore gained independence as the Republic of Singapore on 9 August 1965 with Lee Kuan Yew and Yusof bin Ishak as the first prime minister and president respectively. Race riots broke out once more in 1969. In 1967, the country co-founded the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Lee Kuan Yew’s emphasis on rapid economic growth, support for business entrepreneurship, and limitations on internal democracy shaped Singapore’s policies for the next half-century and the country progressed to a First World country. On 23 March 2015 Lee Kuan Yew passed away, during the 50th year of independence, declaring a one-week period of public mourning.

Singapore has a tropical rainforest climate with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall. Temperatures usually range from 25 to 35 °C (77 to 95 °F).

自从2013年,《经济学家》把新加坡评为最贵的居住城市。它是避税天堂,也是亚洲唯一一个被所有主要评分机构评为 AAA主权评级的亚洲国家,全世界共11个。新加坡港和樟宜机场已经被多年连续评为“海港之都”和“最佳机场”,同时新加坡航空也被评为2018年“世界最佳航空公司”。新加坡也被称为花园城市,因其独立后绿树成行的街道和花园建设。

1965年8月5日新加坡共和国独立,李光耀任总理,Yusof bin Ishak为主席。种族骚乱1969年再次爆发。1967年,新加坡成为东南亚联盟共同创办国之一。李光耀着重快速经济发展,支持企业创业,内部民主的局限塑造了新加坡的下半个世纪的政策,让这个国家向第一世界国家跃进。2015年3月23日,李光耀去逝,在独立50年之际,全国举行了长达一个礼拜的追悼。

新加坡属于热带雨林气候,无明显四季,均匀的气候,气压,高湿度以及充足的降雨。气温分布从25到35摄氏度(77到95华氏度)。

Singapore’s diversity of cuisine is touted as a reason to visit the country, one of the best locations when it comes to a combination of convenience, variety, quality and price.Hainanese chicken rice (海南鸡饭; Hǎinán jī fàn), based on the Hainanese dish Wenchang chicken, is considered Singapore’s national dish. Other delicious food includes: the Laksa, Singapore Chili Crab, Bak Kut The etc.

新加坡多样的饮食被吹捧为造访这个国家一个重要原因,这里是集聚了便利,种类,质量和价格的最好的地方之一。用海南文昌鸡制作的海南鸡饭,被视为新加坡国菜。其他美味的食物有:叻沙,新加坡辣椒蟹,肉骨茶等等。

 

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