Melbourne is often referred to as Australia’s garden city, and the state of Victoria was once known as the garden state. There is an abundance of parks and gardens in Melbourne, many close to the CBD with a variety of common and rare plant species amid landscaped vistas, pedestrian pathways and tree-lined avenues. Melbourne’s parks are often considered the best public parks in all of Australia’s major cities.
Melbourne’s CBD, compared with other Australian cities, has unrestricted height limits. As a result, it has become Australia’s most densely populated area with approximately 19,500 residents per square kilometre, and is home to more skyscrapers than any other Australian city, the tallest being Eureka Tower, situated in Southbank. Due to it rating highly in entertainment, tourism and sport, as well as education, health care, research and development, the EIU currently ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
Melbourne has a highly diversified economy with particular strengths in finance, manufacturing, research, IT, education, logistics, transportation and tourism. Melbourne houses the headquarters of many of Australia’s largest corporations, including five of the ten largest in the country (based on revenue), and five of the largest seven in the country (based on market capitalisation) ：ANZ, BHP Billiton (the world’s largest mining company), the National Australia Bank, CSL and Telstra, as well as such representative bodies and think tanks as the Business Council of Australia and the Australian Council of Trade Unions. Melbourne’s suburbs also have the Head Offices of Wesfarmers companies Coles (including Liquorland), Bunnings, Target, K-Mart and Officeworks. The city is home to Australia’s second busiest seaport, after Port Botany in Sydney. Melbourne Airport provides an entry point for national and international visitors, and is Australia’s second busiest airport.
墨尔本的经济高度多样化，尤其金融，制造业，研究，IT，教育物流，运输和旅游最为强势。墨尔本是众多澳大利亚最大公司的载体，包括国家10大公司中5大公司（按年收入算），以及7大公司中5大公司（按市场占有率算）：ANZ, BHP Billiton (世界最大采矿公司), the National Australia Bank, CSL 和 Telstra, 还有类似的代表机构－澳洲商业理事会智囊团和澳洲工事理事会。墨尔本郊区也拥有著名公司总部，包括：西农集团 (包括利克兰徳), Bunnings, Target, K-Mart 和 Officeworks. 这个城市拥有澳大利亚第二繁忙的海港，仅次于悉尼的波特尼港。墨尔本机场是澳大利亚第二大机场，为国内和国际旅客提供入口。
In Greater Melbourne (Greater Capital City Statistical Areas), 63.3% of residents were born in Australia. The other most common countries of birth were the United Kingdom (3.4%), India (2.7%), China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) (2.3%), Italy (1.7%) and New Zealand (1.7%).
Some of Australia’s most prominent and well known schools are based in Melbourne. Of the top twenty high schools in Australia according to the Better Education ranking, six are in Melbourne. There has also been a rapid increase in the number of International students studying in the city. Furthermore, Melbourne was ranked the world’s fourth top university city in 2008 after London, Boston and Tokyo in a poll commissioned by the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology.