Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia

Borobudur is the largest Buddha temple allover the world, located in the central Java and built around 9th century. It was abandoned around 14th century, and rediscovered not until 19th Century by British Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. The vocalic ash and jungle covered and protected the temple for over 400 years. The temple has a square of 118 by 118 meters, with 9 stacks of platforms, 2672 relief panels and 504 Buddha Statues. The lower 6 levels are square, while the uppers are round, with the largest stupa in the central. Around the central dome there are 72 smaller stupas, which are enclosed by pierced bell shape stone cover.

婆罗浮屠是世界上最大的佛教寺庙,建造于公元9世纪,位于印尼爪哇中部。14世纪这里被遗忘,直到19世纪被英国人Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles 发现。在被遗忘的400年间,这里被火山灰和热带丛林覆盖保护着。这座寺庙面积118 x 118 平方米,拥有9层平台,2672个浮雕和504个佛像。下面6层呈方形,上面3层是圆形,包围着中央最大的佛塔。最大的佛塔被72座小的佛像环抱,这些佛像都坐落在钟型穿孔的石罩中。

The temple was built in 9th century under Sailendra Dynasty and followed Javanese Buddhist Architecture, which blends Indonesian indigenous cult of ancestor worship and Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana. The monument is a shrine for Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist Pilgrimage. The pilgrim journey begins are the bottom of the temple, guiding the pilgrim through thousand of reliefs and corridors, ascending to the top through three levels symbolic of through Buddhist cosmology: world of desire, world of form and world of formlessness. Borobudur has the largest and most complete Buddha reliefs in the world.

这座佛塔建造于公元9世纪的夏伦德拉王朝时期,依循爪哇佛教建筑风格,混合了印度尼西亚本土的祖先崇拜和佛教中涅槃的观念。这个纪念塔用来表达对佛主的崇拜,以及让佛教徒朝圣。朝圣的旅途开始于佛塔底层,带领佛教徒经过数以千计的浮雕和走道,层层上升到最中央的佛塔,代表了佛教宇宙观的三层世界:欲望世界,有型世界和无形世界。婆罗浮屠拥有全世界最大且最全面的佛教浮雕。

As the largest Buddhist temple in the world, Borobudur ranks with Angkor Wat of Combodia and Bagan of Myanmar as the greatest archeological sites in southeast Asia. It is the single most visited tourist attraction in Indonesia.

作为世界上最大的佛教寺庙,婆罗浮屠和柬埔寨的吴哥窟,缅甸的巴干并列为东南亚最伟大的考古遗迹。他也是印度尼西亚游客拜访最多的圣地。

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